Index to Anspach's History of the Island of Newfoundland Home

Index to Anspach's A History of the Island of Newfoundland (1819)

This index does not include entries for the preface or appendix. It is designed to be used in conjunction with the table of contents provided by Anspach. The table of contents gives a fairly detailed overview of the contents and this along with the chronological arrangement for some chapters allows the index to concentrate on referencing places, people and ships. While Anspach often does not give great detail about a number of the headings, the headings nevertheless have been noted. The spellings used by Anspach are replicated. There are also links under governors and ships to lists of the specifically identified governors and ships.
Since the creation of this website the full text of Anspach's work has been made available at Our Roots website.
Please forward any corrections or comments to E. Browne.
Last updated Oct. 15, 2002.

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A-B

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Abram-Trepessa  see Trepassey Bay
Acadia see Nova Scotia
Adventure (Ship) 143
Africa 277, 278, 289, 292, 335
Agincourt (Ship) 227, 288
Alcide (Ship) 149
alder trees 366
Aldred, John, Captain 132-33
America 277-78 
    discovery of 23-24
    Norwegian discovery of 9-15
    peopling of 277-78
    Spaniards 41
    Win-land 6
    see also under Newfoundland
American revolution 195-97
    effect on Nfld. 197-99
    decl. of independence 207
    French support 207-208
American tea 361
Amherst, Colonel 161, 163
Amherst, Jeffery, Sir 159, 160
Andrews, Captain 149
Andrews, William, Captain 61
Andromeda (Ship) 226
Anguilla-Promontory 118
Annapolis 146-47
Annapolis Royal 132
Anne, Queen of England 105, 113, 120, 132
         death 134-35
annise 320
Anson, Commodore 190
Antelope (Ship) 153, 154, 160, 252
Anticosti 44, 119, 173, 249-50, 322-23, 326
Apsham 75
Aquaforte 117, 307
Arctic Ocean 402, 405
Arembec see Nova Scotia 
Ascension 278
ash trees 366
Ash-Wednesday 475
Ashehurst, Thomas 39
Ashton Folvile 474
Asia 277, 279, 335, 405
asp trees 366
Assumption see Anticosti
Atalantis 278-79
Athenians 279
Aubert, Thomas 39
Augustus 356
Aurora Borealis 349-51
Avalon (Community) 86, 295, 299, 311, 358, 370
Aves  see Fogo Island
Azores 77, 79, 252
Baboul-Bay see Bay Bulls
Baccalao see codfish and see under Newfoundland
Baccalao Island (Baccalaos) 28, 45, 52, 62, 118, 296, 391-93, 422
Bacchus Island 7-8
Back-Cove 368
Bacon, Francis, Sir 57, 83
Baffin Bay 338, 457
Bahama Islands 290
Bailie, Captain 164
bait
    capelin 355, 401, 407, 429
    entrails 429    
    herring 407, 429
    lance 407, 429
    mackarel 407
    salt port 412
    sea-fowl 429
    squid 407, 429
    young cod 429
bakers 330
Baltic 402
Baltimore, Lord see Calvert, George and Calvert, Caecilius
bankruptcy see debt
Banquerean (Banquereaux, Banquereau) 119, 286, 309, 322
barbarism 448-49
barley 87, 88
Barnstaple 115
barrens 294
Barrens (place) 302
Barrow-Harbour 318
Battle Island 328
Bay Blanche 118
Bay Bulls (Bay of  Bulls) 102, 158, 161, 227, 305-307, 366, 368
Bay de Verde 428
Bay of Cinq-Cerfs (five stags) 313 
Bay of Despair 243, 313
Bay of Exploits 10, 202, 181, 245, 250, 252, 256, 317
Bay of Facheux 313
Bay of Fortune see Fortune Bay
Bay of Islands 315
Bay of Rencounter 313
Bay of Saint George 77
Bay of Saint Lewis 328
Bay of Three Islands 137
Bay Orge 118
Baye des Chaleurs 43
beans 87, 360
Bear Island 313
bears 28, 48-49, 375
    trapping 378
    use by Indians 458
beavers 325, 375, 378-79
    use by Indians 457
beech trees 366
beef 167, 251-52, 476
beer making 16, 365, 466 
Bell Bay 312
Bellisle 45, 78, 149, 301, 328, 368
Bell's Weekly Messenger 384
Benbow, Admiral 121
Bennet, Stephen, Captain 78
Beothucks see Indians
Bergeron, Mr. (French historian) 39
Bermudas 426
berries 9, 361
Berry, John, Sir (Governor) 104
Bertrand, Mr. 130-31
Bewick, Thomas 384
Biddeford 115
Biographia Nautica 73, 104, 122-123
birch trees 319, 328, 363, 366
bird hunting 297
birds 48, 117, 313, 325, 335, 376, 389-93, 405
        see also individual names
Bird's Island see Fogo Island
Biron (Biorn) 6, 8-9, 48
Biscay 65
Biscay Bay 309
Biscayans 36, 66, 75, 77, 79
Black-Bay 327
black hawks 28
Black-Head 309
blackback gull 391
blackbirds 391
Blackmore, Mr. 141
Blanche Bay 125
Bloody-Bay 318
Boat-Harbour 311
Bois de la Mothe, M. 149
Bonaparte 261, 243
Bonaventure, Mr. 101
Bonavista 28, 43, 102, 124, 128, 478
Bonavista Bay 296, 318  
    Cabot landing 457
Bonetta (Ship) 160, 161
bonitos 65
Bonne Bay 315
Boomer 384
Boscawen, Admiral 148, 149
Boston 101, 132, 191, 196, 282
bounties on fish 200, 213, 214
Bowker, Captain (Governor) 274-75
Braddock, General 148
Bradore Harbour 327
Brazil 277, 291
bread 167, 211, 471
Break-Heart-Point 296
von Bremen, Adam 8
Brest 148, 157, 164
Briberry 177
Brion 119
Bristol 25, 26, 27, 30, 35, 39, 40, 53, 60, 77, 81, 82, 329
Bristol, Lord 157
British Critic 474
Brittany 39, 79
Britton 119
Brothers, Richard 311
Brouillan, Mr. 101, 102
Brown, Maurice, Captain 60, 68, 69
Buchan, Captain 460
Buckinghamshire 472
bull bird 391 
Bulls Bay 296
Bulls Island 296
Burgeo Island 313
Burin 311, 478
Burne, Peter 160, 161
Burnt Cape 316
Burnt Island 313
Bussy, Mr. (French Agent at London) 156
bustards 389
butchers 75
Bute, Earl of 186
Butler, Captain 60
butter 167
Butts, Tuckfield Thomas 48 
Butts, William, Sir 48, 53
bye-boat-keepers 265
Byng, John, Admiral (Governor) 122, 127, 143-44, 150
Byron, John, Captain (Governor) 190
Byron, William, Lord 190

C-D

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cabbage, red or green 359, 464 Cabo Baccalaos 19 Cabot, John 15, 25-30, 33, 35, 37, 38, 318, 323, 329, 457, 458 Cabot, Lewis 26 Cabot, Santo 26 Cabot, Sebastian 26, 27-28, 30, 31-33, 37, 38, 40, 318 Cabral, Pedro Alvarez 23 cagging (swearing off liquor) 465 Castel, William 108 Cade, Robert 61 Cadiz 157, 226 callibogus 466 Calutieweet 328 Calvert, George, Sir (Lord of Avalon) 86, 88, 295, 307 Calvert, Caecilius (Lord of Avalon) 88, 89, 90, 307 Cambriol 86 Camilla (Ship) 234 Camp Islands 445 Campbell, John, Vice-Admiral (Governor) 209, 210, 211 Canada (Canida) 18, 145, 148, 149, 150, 171, 184, 196, 281, 287, 339, 344-45 Candlemas-day 421, 474 canibalism 49-51 Canyketoke 328 Cape Anguilla (Cape Arguille) 118, 314 Cape Ballard 308 Cape Bonavista 7, 27, 28, 83, 134,137, 210, 318, 369 Cape Breton 39, 41,48, 68, 76, 78, 134, 135, 146, 149, 150, 171, 172, 173, 286, 314, 369 Cape Broyle 307, 308 Cape Charles 19, 328 Cape Chidley 328 Cape Cod 198, 287, 396 Cape de Raz (Cape de Raye) see Cape Ray Cape de Verd islands 23, 278 Cape d'Espere see Cape Spear Cape Ferolle see Cape Freels Cape Florida 289 Cape Freels 10, 309, 316, 318 Cape La Hune 312, 313 Cape Norman 316 Cape May 321 Cape of Good Hope 291, 336 Cape of St. Francis 76, 301 Cape Pine 309 Cape Race 68, 76, 85, 149, 308 Cape Race Rocks 285 Cape Raye (Ray) 115,117, 118, 137, 210, 308, 314 Cape Razo see Cape Race Cape Rouge 281-82, 309, 310 Cape Saint Augustin's (Brazil) 23 Cape Saint Francis 298, 301 Cape Saint John 210, 286, 314, 317, 318 Cape Saint Mary 79, 83, 310, 326 Cape Spear 77, 226-27, 305 Cape Wolstenham 19 capelin (capelan) 321, 354-55, 391, 397, 400-401, 408, 409, 414, 429 see also under bait capilaire 361 Carbonier (Carboniero) 102, 130-31, 158, 204- 205, fire 269, 299, 300 Carbonier Island 167-68 Caribbees 165, 290 Carleton, Captain 124, 125, 127 Carolina 403, 405 Carouge 126, 127, 128 carpenters 61, 330 Carpon 45, 46 Carter, Mr. 48 Carter, Robert 166-67 Carthaginians 1, 3 Cartier, James 7, 42, 43, 46, 318, 322, 458 Cassini, M. 319-21, 361, 363 Castel, William, Rev. 108, 116-19 Castle-Hill 161, 310 Castor's River 316 Catalina harbour 318, 369, 373 catalina-stone see gold marcasite catamarans 383 cats 375, 376, 380 cattle 87-88, 251-52, 320, 374 Cawsand Bay 61 Chabert, Mr. 288 Champlain, Samuel 81, 91 Chancewell (Ship) 78-79 Chapel-Bay 296, 311 Chapel-Cove 368 character, Indian 452-53, European and Nfld. 461-64 Charles I, King of England 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 112 Charles II, King of England 104, 192 Charles River 328 Charmouth 372 Chauvin, Mr. 80 cheese 167, 471 cherries (Kentish) 361 cherry trees 363, 366 Chesapeak Bay 28, 81 China 1, 3, 25, 26, 465 Chincheca 118 christenings 470-71 Christmas 475-77 Church of England 229, 240 see also religion Churchill 187 Churchill (book) 33, 108, 113-16, 116-19, 187, 287, 395 Claire-Bay 118 Clark, Samuel 18-19, 459 Clarke, Richard 60, 69-70 Clavigero, Abbe 277, 281 Cleasby, Captain 102 climate 65, 117, ch. 13 effect on character 462 see also fog, frost, hurricanes, ice, snow, summer, temperature and winter clothing 375-76, 389, 417, 468-69 Indian 28, 29-30, 457, 459 coal 368, 369, 371, 372 imported 467 cod-fisheries see fisheries cod-head soup 320 cod-liver oil see under oil codfish 65, 320, 321, 399-400, 408 - 412, 355 see also fisheries Colbert, Mr. 42, 92, 93 Colinet 120 Colinet Harbour 309-310 Collier's Harbour see Carbonier Columbus, Bartholomew 24, 33 Columbus, Christopher 24, 32, 392 Colville, Lord 159, 161, 163, 164, 168, 169 Constable, John, Sir 83 continental divide, theory of 277-78 Commissary 179 Commissioners of the Admiralty 179 Company of the Merchant Adventurers 30 Conception Bay 38, 45, 52, 62, 78, 118, 130-31, 167, 218, 240, 242, 246, 236, 237-39, 258, 259, 267, 296, 297-301, 309-10, 391, 397, 407, 415, 422, 429, 443, 477-78, 480 attack on 131, 204-205 fisheries 354-55, 415, 422, 428, 429 fishing off St. Anthony's 316 introduction of rabbits 374-75 John Guy settlement 458-59 mines 367-68 riot 191 Conception-harbour see Harbour-Grace La Conche (Conch-Harbour) 126 Concord (Ship) 234 Considerations on the Trade to Newfoundland 113-16 Cook, James, Captain 168-69, 313, 337, 369, 392, 394 Cooke, Lieutenant-Colonel 247 coopers 75, Cope, Walter, Sir 83 copper 66, 368 coppera-stone see gold marcasite cordage 167, 270 corn 66, 211, 252 Cortreal, Gaspar de 38-39, 298 Costebelle, Mr. 130, 133 Cotton, Mr. 84 Coughlan, Lawrence Rev. 480 court martial 122-23, 150-51 courts Admiralty 84 Civil Jurisdiction 216, 217 Common Pleas 215, 484-85 Judicature 175, 237-39, 249, 480-85 Oyer and Terminer 141,144, 175 Probate court 484 Record 141 Session 142, 214, 215, 218 Supreme Court 217, 220, 250, 303, 480-81 Surrogate's court 142, 220, 254, 481-82 Vice Admirialty 144, 194, 214, 218, 237, 303, 484 see also judges and courts, administration of Cow and Bull Rocks 326 Cox, William 60, 68 crime 84, 178,194, 206, 233-36, 238, 257, 266, 473 capital offences 141 see also debt criminals 80, 141 Critias, Mr. 278 Crocker's Cove 269 Crook, Mr. 84 cucumbers 361 Cumana 280 curbinata 411 curlews 391 currants, red, black, white 361, 363 Curtis, Roger, Sir 193 Custom - house 191, 194 customs 469-490 christenings 470-71 funerals 471-73 horse-shoes 473-74 marriages 470-71 mumming 477 sayings 363 cuttle-fish see under bait and see squids damsons (damascenes) 361 dandelion 360 Daniel (Saxon miner) 66, 71, 371 Dartmouth 82, 332 Daubeney, Oliver 48 Davis, John 329, 331-32 Davis, Robert 60 Davis Strait 18, 329, 332 D'Estaing, Count 208 de Conflans, Marquis 209 De Ferrers (Earle of Leicester and Derby) 474 de Grasse, Count 151 de l'Arade, Admiral 89 de la Roche, Marquis 79-80 de Noailles, Marquis (French Ambassador at Court of London) 208 De Sartine (French Minister of Marine) 207 De Ternay, M. 157, 161, 164 De Tormenta 18 debt 152-53, 178-79, 219-20, 482-83 deer 294, 325, 375, 377 trapping 378 use by Indians 457 Defiance (Ship) 149 Definitive Treaty see Treaty of Paris (1763) Delawar, Lord 81 Delight (Ship) 60, 68, 69-70 Denis, Jean 39, 137 Depons, M 411 Devil's Bay 313 Devil's Den 282 Devon 58, 472 Dieppe 39 Diodorus Siculus 278 effect of diet 463, 464 Disease fluxes 67 frostbite 348-49 gout 469 infectious distemper 61 scarlet fever 465 small-pox 258-59, 469 see also medicine Dodderidge, John, Sir 83 dogs 325, 375, 376, 385 see also Newfoundland dogs and Greenland dogs Dominus Vobiscum (Ship) 41 Donn, Daniel, Sir 83 Dorsetshire 372 Douglas, Charles, Captain 159, 160, 161 Drake, Francis, Sir 36, 74 Drake, George, Captain 75, 76, 125, 394, 396, 413 ducks 389 Duckworth, John Thomas, Sir (Governor) 252, 322 Duff, Robert (Governor) 202, 252 Duke of Orleans (Ship) 125, 128 Dunkirk (Ship) 149

E-F

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Eagle, Lieutenant 127 eagles 28, 391 Ealand 371 earthquake (1663) 281, 278, 279-82 cause of 372 Nfld. 283-84, 293-94 East and West Indies 4, 114, 121, 122, 158 see also West Indies East Bay 315 Easterlings 30-31 East Florida 172 see also Florida Echard, Laurent 19 eclipse (1765) 313 Eclipse Island 313 Edgell, Captain 352 education 111, 228-36, 241, 242, 478 court case 230-36 Edward III, King of England 98 Edward VI, King of England 30, 48, 192 Edwards, Rear-Admiral 208 Eel Cape see Cape Anguilla eels 400 Egypt 278 eider ducks 325 Elba 261 Elizabeth, Queen of England 58, 62, 63, 71, 74, 84, 330 Elliot, John, Rear- Admirial (Governor) 214-15, 217, 222, 223 Elliot, Hugh 39 elm trees 366 England 32, 341, 402, 461 conflict with France 95-100, 120-38, 145- 50, 211, 242-44, 405 conflict with Spain 36, 74, 144, 155-57 Nfld. 100-104 English Channel 403, 404, 405 Engroneland 16 L'Epinay, Commander 123 Equillete 125 Eric, Bishop of Greenland 6, 14 Eric Redhead (Eric Roude) 9, 12, 14 Esculapius 349 Esquimaux 11-13, 14, 20, 21, 386, 456 killing Corte Real 39 Esquimeaux Bay 327 Esquimeaux Island 327 Esquimeaux River 327 Estotiland 16-19 Euclid 169 Europe 277, 279, 290, 344, 349, 356, 369, 399, 405, 446 L'Eveille (Ship) 165 evergreens 365 Exeter 141 Exploits River 317 Fabian, Mr. 27, 29-30, 458 Fairborne, Stafford, Sir (Governor) 105 Falconer, Dr. 461-62 (theory of people's character) Falkland (Ship) 124, 125, 126 128 Falmouth 73, 75, 331, 413 Faro Islands 291 Faulkland, Lord 89 Fellowes, Captain 247 Fermowes 307 Fernandez 278 ferns 362 Ferryland 86, 87, 88, 89, 93, 160, 167, 227, 307, 358 fertilizer ashes 358 kelp 358, 366 wood 358-59 Ferulham see Ferryland fir trees 319, 328, 363, 365, 366 fire 259, 261-64, 268-74, 371-73 fire-wood 167, 365, 383 fish as food 464 Pope does not require 157, 183 fisheries 18, 51-52, 55-56, 57, 77, 78, 84-85, 121, 129, 200, 209, 242, 275, 287, 308, 309, 399-400, 401, 412, ch. 15 amounts 117, 185, 188-89, 211, 212-14, 225, 266 Anticosti 322 Biscayans 36 boats/ships 185, 429 bring home men 179-80 Cabot, John 35 children 241, 429 Conception Bay 299-300 crew 429 curing 430-41, 442,443, 444-45 French 36, 37, 77, 93, 95, 96, 112-16, 128, 134, 146, 171-72, 182-84, 201, 210, 213, 243, 261, 314. 317, 321 Great Bank 445-46 green men 106, 114 jigging (gigging) 408, 429-30 Labrador 324-25, 328, 333, 445 laws/legislation 55-67, 91-92, 139, 152-53, 174-76, 199, 202-203, 212, 214, 242-43 nets 401-402, 407, 441-42 northern-fishery 443-45 not on Sunday 201 Portuguese 36, 37 presedence over seal fishery 414-15, 428 price 116, 153 Ram's horn (vessel) 444 ship rooms 59-60, 85, 175, 254-55 shore-fishery 443 sounds 432 Spain 156-57, 172, 182, 183, 184 stages 125, 128, 365, 383 tax 192 tongues 432 transport to Jersey, Marseilles 445 United States 209-210 western fishery 446 women 468 see also individual names fishing admirals 106-107, 139, 140, 143, 145, 177, 201 flax 66 Fleur-de-lys-Harbour 125 Fleurien, Mr. 288 Florence 40 Florida 29, 197, 290, 336 flour 167 Fly (Ship) 275 fog 55, 61, 62, 103, 121, 149, 157, 163, 292-93, 297, 346, 354, 355, 393, 421, 446 frost- smoke (frozen fog) 351 Fogo 62 Fogo Island 10, 48, 52, 61-62, 118, 313, 317 Fontainbleau 171 food 464-66 see also individual names forests 341, 356, 362, 363-64, 365-66 see also trees and individual names Formose (Formosa) 307 Forster, Dr. 8,14, 15, 17, 20, 35-36, 39, 42, 50-51, 53, 56, 62, 64, 74-75, 291, 323, 337, 369, 393 Fort Amherst 303 Fort Forillon 101, 124 Fort Frederick 161, 310 Fort Townsend 302 Fort William 130, 302 Fortune (Ship) 153 Fortune Bay 243, 312, 321, 404, 412 Fortune Harbour 312 fouquets (bird) 287 fowl 389-90, 320 foxes, common or red 325, 375 Fox Island 327 France 7, 36, 40, 66, 74, 75, 78, 89, 92-93, 150, 170-71, 183, 225, 258, 260, 335 conflict with English see under England defense of Placentia 93-98 exploration by 39-40, 41-47 fisheries 113-16 loss of Newfoundland 146, 150 loss of Canada 150 support of Americans 207 trade and navy 93-96, 146 Francis I, King of France 40, 42, 45 Franklin, Dr. 288, 292, 450-51 French shore 134, 137, 210, 314 see also under England French squandron 226-27 Freshwater- Bay 202 Frobisher, Martin, Sir 290, 329, 330-31, 369-70, 458 Frobishor's Mistaken Strait see Hudson's Straits Frobisher's Straits 18, 330 frost 274, 355, 360, 375 frostbite 348-49 fruit 252, 336 from West India 291 funerals 471-73 Funk Islands 286, 318 fur trade 13, 18-19, 37, 80, 185, 324, 333 furriers 375 furs 13, 18-19, 37, 65, 80, 376

G-H

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Gambier, James, Admiral (Governor) 223, 236-37, 241, 245 game 65 Gander Bay 10, 202, 317 Gander River 10, 317 gannets 405 Gargot, Mr. 112-13 Garland, Charles 166-68, 382 La Garonne (Ship) 165 Gay-Head 282-83 geese 389-90, 380 General Treatise of the Dominion and Laws of the Sea 93-94 George III, King of England 174, 199 George, Prince of Denmark 120, 123 George's Bank 287, 292 Georgia 197, 403 Gibson, John, Sir 102 Gilbert, Humphrey 58, 60, 73, 85, 298, 370 letters patent (1578) 58 loss of vessel 59, 68-69 refusal to enter St. John's 62 mutiny 67 Gilliam, Thomas, Captain (Governor) 105 Gilpin, Mr. 403-404 Glastonbury 86 gnats 388-89 goats 322-33, 374 godes (bird) 287 gold marcasite 369-70, 371-72 gold refiners 330 Golden Hind (Ship) 60, 61, 66, 68, 69, 71, 72, 73 Golfe de Chateaux see Straits of Bell-Isle Good-Bay 315 Goose Island 327 gooseberries 361 Gordon, Patrick 7 Gosnoll, Captain 7 Goss, Mr.141 gout 469 governors see under individual names104, 105, 140-41, 143, 150- 52, 153-54, 174-75, 189-90, 193, 202, 205, 208, 209, 214, 227, 236, 252, 268, 274-75, 288 government 64, 139-40, 205, 223-23 Gower, Erasmus, Sir 223 Grafton, William, Captain 77-79 Graham, Aaron (secretary to the governor) 209, 215, 216, 217, 218, 223 Graham, George, Rt. Hon. Lord 143 Gramont (Ship) 158 Grand Banks of Newfoundland 103, 119,159, 160, 284-89, 291-93, 308, 309, 322, 392, 393, 445-46 Grand Bruit 313 Grand Canarie 128 Grand-Point 326, 327 Grand Strand 310 grapes 6-7, 10, 363 grasses 362-63 Grates 428 Graves, Thomas, Governor 154, 159, 160, 161, 168, 169, 175, 181, 189 Gravesend 48, 78, 79 Graydon, Vice-Admiral 121, 122-23 Great Banks see Grand Banks of Newfoundland Great Britain. Army 123 Great Britain. Board of Trade 216, 217, 219 Great Britain. Committee of the House 267 Great Britian. Navy 123 Great Britain see England Great Burgeo Island 313 Great Cod-Roy River 314 Great lakes 339-40 Great Mecatina Island 326-27 Great Miquelon (Maguelon) 312, 321 see also Saint Peter and Miquelons Great Saint Lawrence 120 Greeks 1, 3 Green-Bank 286 Green Bay 327 Greenland 13, 14, 274, 290, 291, 329, 330, 357, 383, 417 discovery 5-6 Greenland dogs 384-85, 386-87 greens 464 Green's Pond Island 318 Grenada 172 Griguet-Bay 316 Grimington 328 grotto 304-305 Gudrid 12 La Guepe (Ship) 123 Guernsey 461 Gulf of Bothnia 402 Gulf of Florida 292 Gulf of Mexico 339, 290 Gulf of Saint Lawrence 169, 171, 172, 185, 313, 314 see also Saint Lawrence Gulf-stream 288, 289-92 gulls 391, 405 Guy, John, Governor 82-84, 298, 299, 458-59 Hackluyt see Hakluyt haddock 400, 410, 111 Haha-Bay 327 Hakluyt 29, 30, 36, 49-51, 53, 56, 62, 65, 75, 81, 82, 370-71, 394, 395, 396, 413 Haller, Dr. 463 hallibut 400 Halifax 160, 161, 247, 251, 257, 260 Halifax (Eng.) 371 Hamilton, Charles (Governor) 275 Hampshire, Thomas, Sir 59, 85 Hanover 150 Hanse-towns merchants 30-31 happe-foyes (birds) 287 Harbour Grace 83, 191, 199, 204-205, 215, 240, 241, 242, 252, 299, 300, 301, 349, 368, 378, 379, 382, 425, 427, 479 church fire 268-69 fire 259-60 Harbour Island 315 Hardie, Mr. 48 Hardy, Charles, Sir (Governor) 150-51 Hare-Bay 316-17 hares 375, 325 dressing 418 Hatherleigh 472 Havannah 165, 166 Hawke, Edward, Sir 157, 169, 209 Hawke's Harbour 316 hawks 28, 391 hawks, black 28 Hayes, Edward, Captain 60, 66, 68, 72 hazel-wood 44 Headly, Edward 69, 70 Heart's Content 296 Heart's Delight 296 heathcocks 391 Hebrides 406 Helleland 9 hemp 66 Henry IV, King of England 79 Henry IV, King of France 42 Henry VII, King of England 24, 27, 29, 32, 39 Henry VIII, King of England 40, 47, 48 hens 389 Herjolf, Mr. 9 herring 65, 225, 400, 412, 414 migration 402-407 see also under bait Hervey, Captain (Earl of Bristol) 166 hides and furs 65, 376 High Sheriff of Newfoundland 142 High-Wycombe 472 Highlanders 161 hippopotamus see vaccae marinae History of British America 396 History of North and South America 364 history (theory of) 1-4 Hoare, Mr. 47 Hochelaga see Montreal Holdernesse, Earl of 147 Holland 114 Holloway, John (Governor) 250, 252 Holy-Rood 298, 300, 310 Honfleur 39 Hope-Cape see Cape Spear Hopewell (Ship) 77-79 hops 361 Hore, Mr. 458 horse-gold see gold marcasite horse-shoes 473-74 Horsenaile, John 223 horses 374 hounds ( birds) 391 houses 466-68 la Houtan, Baron 96 Howe, Captain 149 Howe, Lord 154 Howe, Earl 193 Howick 385 Hoy-Head 303 Hubert, Thomas 39 Hudson, Henry 82, 329, 332-33 Hudson's Bay 18, 172, 332, 335, 336, 340 Hudson's Bay Co. 333, 378 Hudson's Straits 173, 249-50, 328 Hughes, Captain 124-25, 126 Humber River 315 hunting 375-76, 377-79 bird 297 vaccae marinae 395 hurricanes 299-300, 420-21 see also winds

I-L

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Ibberville, Mr. 101, 102 ice 53, 115, 117, 275, 330-31, 335, 343-44, 345, 346, 349, 351-54, 356, 418-20, 428 ice-bird 391 Iceland 8, 13, 383, 396, 291 discovery 5, 55-56 identification upon entering St. John's harbour 303 immigration 238 impressment 122 Independents 480 India 344, 465 India, passage to 38, 40, 46, 332, 370 see also Northwest passage Indian Bay 318 Indian corn 211 Indian Ocean 291 Indian tea 361-62 Indians 10, 14, 28, 29, 49, 65, 180-82, 252-54, 313, 317, 388 attempt to contact by Spratt 250-51 beliefs 457 canoes 455 Cape Breton 76 clothing 457, 459 conflict with Esquimeaux 456 conflict with Indians 82, 453 contact by Champlain 81 contact by Frobisher 330, 370 contact by Guy? 83 contact? by Wynne 87 fishing 453 hunting 453-54 Labrador (Esquimeaux?) 323-24 Mickmacks 182 no trade of weapons 90-91 proclamation of protection 205-207, 252-54 red ochre 388-89, 457, 459 relations with settlers 456-57, 460-61 reward for contact 256-57 sighting by Cartier 43 transport to England 27, 29-30 transport to Europe 458 transport to France 39 use by French 146-47 weapons(tools) 455 wigwams 455, 459 woman (guest) 245-46 Ingornachoix-Bay 315-16 ink-fish see under bait and see squid Inner Gooseberry Islands 318 insolvency see debt Ireland 89, 180, 199, 212, 220, 226, 265, 273, 291, 406, 461, 479 Ireland's Eye 296 Irish 238, 240 Irish servants 169-70 iron 66, 368, 378 Island Cove 246, 247 Island of Boys (Isle of Boys) 160,161,166,167, 307 Island of Orleans 7, 44 Island of Saint John 197 Isle au Coudres 44 l'Isle de Bacclius 7, 44 Isle Royale see Cape Breton Italy 116, 132 Jackson, Mr. (clergyman) 111 Jamaica 4, 280 James I, King of England 81, 83, 92, 298 James Town 81 Jaquet-Bank 284-85 jays 391 Jenkinson, Mr. 212 Jersey (place) 445, 461 Jersey(Ship) 150 Jesuits 136, 479 jigger 408 Johnson, Dr. 364 Jonas, Angrim 8 Jones, John 480 Jones, Rice, Captain 77, 396 Jorucktoke 328 Joy (gentleman of the Chapel Royal) 48 judges floating surrogates 142-43, 182, 190, 215, 218 Justices of the Peace 140-42, 167, 177 see also courts, fishing admirals and justice, administration of Judicature Act 219, 223, 480-85 juniper trees 328 justice, administration of 106-107, 139-45, 174-75, 214-20, 223-24, 228 Labrador 324 see also courts and judges Jutland 402 Kamtschatka 405 Keel's Head 318 Keen, William, Judge Esq. 144 kegging (swearing off liquor) 465 kelp 358, 366 Kent 371 King William's Act 139, 142-43, 174, 175-77, 192-93 King's Fore-land 19 Kioeler Ness 11 Kirk, David, Sir (Governor) 93 Kirwan, Mr. 337 kites 391 Knight, John, Captain 82 Knight, Stephen 366 Krossa-ness 12 Labrador 45, 82, 172-73, 293, 323-25, 327-28, 330, 332, 335, 338, 373, 378, 386 courts 254 discovery 27 fishery 185, 210, 333, 414, 433-34, 443, 445 Indians 323-24 re- annexed to NF 249-50, 323 Labrador-stone 373 Lady Hobart Packet (Ship) 246-48 lakes 294, 295 Lambert, Dr. 480 lances 400, 429 see also under bait Land of Desolation 331-32 Land's End 403 Landaff, Bishop 228 Langley 321 see also Saint Peter and Miquelons Laplanders 325 Large Island 327 Lark-Harbour 328 Lark (Ship) 182 laws 63-64, 92, 93-95, 106-108, 152-53, 211-12, 217, 219-20, 254-57, 323-24 15 Charles II. 192 2 and 3 Edward VI 55-56, 192 5 George I. cap 18. 200 15 George III. Cap 10. 199 15 George III. Cap 31. (Palliser's Act)179-99, 202, 214 26 George III. Cap 26. 214 33 George III. Cap 76. (Judicature Act) 219, 223, 480-85 49 George IV. Cap 27. 219 10 and 11 William III. 139, 142-43, 174, 175-77, 192-93, 206-207 Act of 1793 219-20 against blasphemy and immorality 175 Lewis XIV (ordinance concerning the marine) 93 Newfoundland Bill (1775) 212 Proclamation (6th May 1776; good relations withnatives) 205-206 Proclamation (24th May 1631- fisheries)) 91 Proclamation (24th Nov. 1630- no trading weapons with natives) 90-91 Proclamation (19th August 1749) 152-53 Proclamation (1775; Duff) 202-203, 252 Stamp Act 192, 196 lead 66 Leake, John, Sir (Lake) (Governor) 105, 120 Leigh, Charles 77-78, 79 lemons 363 letters patent 25-26, 39, 58, 60, 74, 79- 80, 81, 83, 86, 89, 93, 174 lettuce 320, 360 Lewis XIV, King of France 42, 92, 95 La Licorne (Ship) 165 Lief 9, 11 lilies 363 Lilly, John 248 lime 368 Limehouse 60 Lincoln (place) 280 liquor 464-65, 471, 473 beer making 16, 365, 466 cagging 465 callibogus 466 spruce beer 365, 466 taverns 177-79 wine 464, 471 Lisbon 426, 433, 434 Little Bay 310 Little Castor's River 302 Little Harbour 314 Little Miquelon 321 see also Saint Peter and Miquelons Little Saint Lawrence 120 live stock 211 see also individual names liver-catchers 287 Liverpool 303, 433, 467 Livy 461 Lizard (Ship?) 157 Lloyd, Major 124, 125, 127 Lloyd's Coffee-house 227 lobsters 65, 400 Loch Broom 406 Loggerhead-Bay 318 London 35, 48, 55, 75, 77, 150, 155, 156, 157, 207, 280, 372 London Gazette 149-150 Long-Harbour 296, 312 Look-Out (Harbour Grace) 368 loon 391 Louisbourg 161 Louisiana 290 Lower Canada 250, 323 Lower Island Cove 428 lumber 365 Lybia 279 Lys (Ship) 149

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MacDonald, Captain 162-64 mackarel 400, 412, 429 see also under bait MacKenzie, Captain 164 Madoc, Prince 4 Madeira 4, 40, 278 Madeleine 173, 249-50 Magdalen islands 210 Magna Britannia see Labrador magpies 391 maidenhair 361 Mal-bay 282 Malaga 105 Mann, Admiral 226 Mark-land 9 Marlborough, Duke 123, 135 marriage 470-71 Marseilles 445 marshes 294, 315, 356, 362-63, 365-66 martens 325, 375 Martha's vineyard 7-8, 282 Martin, George, Captain 132 Martinique 121, 165 Marygold (Ship) 75 marygolds 363 Maryland 89, 90 masons 61 Massachusetts 198, 282 Massachusetts Bay 198 masters and servants 178, 179, 180, 200-202, 214 Mast's Head Cape see Cape La Hune May-Point 312 Mazarin, Cardinal 93 Mecatina 326 medicine 389, 411 prevention and treatment of mosquito bites 388-89 see also disease Mediterranean 189, 290 Medway (Ship) 124-26, 127-28 melons 360 Memoirs of the French Academy of Inscriptions 403 Menquit 75 Merasheen Island 311-12 Meta Incognita 330 Methodism 480 Mexican province 18 Mexico 290 mews 391 mice 375 Michell, Rev. Mr. 372 Middle-Bank 286 Milbanke, Mark, Admiral (Governor) 215, 217, 222, 223 Militia (1808) 248 milk 374 mineral springs 368 miners 61 Cornish 368, 370 Saxon 66 mines 66, 367-69 Minion (Ship) 48 Minorca 122 Minqun Islands 326 Miquelon 172 see also Saint Peter and Miquelons Miramichi 365 Mississipi 98, 146, 148, 172 Missouri 456 Mistaken-Points 308 Mitchell, Doctor 336 Mizen Bank 322 molasses 121, 365, 466 Molineux, Commodore (Governor; Lord Shuldham) 193 Monkton, Colonel 150 Monro, Dr. 410 Monson, William, Sir 31-33 Montague, John, Rear-Admiral (Governor) 205, 208 Montesquieu 463, 464 Montreal 45, 46, 80 Moore, Graham, Captain 218 Moravians 373 Morse, Dr. 6, 61, 282, 286-87, 333 morses see vaccae marinae Mortier's Bay 311 Mortier's Rocks 312 morue seche (merluche) see codfish morue verte (barrel cod) see codfish mosses 362 mosquites 388-89 Mosquitto Cove 83, 299 mountains 316 (hills), 328, 331, 338, 339, 325 (Labrador) 328, 331 Mover, Rt. Hon. 212 mumming 477 Munster, Sebastian 38-39 muscles (mussels) 400 Muscovy Company 82 Musquito (Conception Bay) see Mosquitto Cove mutiny 67, 97, 332-33 mutton 476

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nails 167 Nantucket 198, 292, 396 Nantucket Shoals 287 Nasquirou 327 Natiscotee see Anticosti natives see Esquimaux and Indians Naval Officer 145 Neale, John, Lieutenant 154 Nesmond, Chevalier 101 Nevil, Admiral 102-103 New Britain 19, 38, 327 New Brunswick 365 New England 90, 213, 281, 338, 396, 403, 475 New England traders 178 New France 81 see also Quebec New Greenland 330 New-land -fish 18 see also under codfish and fisheries New Orleans 99 New Pelican 296 New World Island 10, 317 New York 281 Newfoundland discovery 6, 8-17, 23, 27-28, 31-34 geology 282, 293-94 see also mines and individual minerals insubordination (1765) 190-94 physical description 294ff see also individual landforms Newfoundland Bill (1775) 212 Newfoundland coffins (ships) 364-65 Newfoundland dogs 374, 379-84 Newfoundland Gazette 305 Newfoundland regiment 243-44 Newfoundlanders 461-78 character 462-64, 478 customs 470-78 food 464-66 housing 466-68 origin 461 women 468-69 newspapers 149-50, 248, 305, 384 Newman's Sound 318 Nichols, John 473-74 Nicholson, Francis, Colonel 132 Nonsuch (Ship) 124, 125, 126, 128 Norfolk 406 Normandy 39 Norimbega see Nova Scotia Norris, John, Sir (Governor) 104, 105 North-Harbour 311 North-Head 137 North Pole 334, 335 North Shore (Conception Bay) 299-300, 428 Northampton 280 Northmanna-land see Norway Northmen 9-15 discovery of Iceland 5 discovery of Greenland 5-6, 23 discovery of NF 6, 8, 23 extinction in NF 20 see also Norway Northumberland (Ship) 168, 169 Northumberland 384 Northway see Norway Northwest passage 25, 73, 82, 329 see also India, passage to Nottingham 280 Norway 4-5, 281, 383, 396, 402 discovery of America 291 see also Northmen Nottegamew 326 Nova Francia 18, 395 see also Quebec Nova Scotia 41, 45, 76, 80, 134-36, 145, 146, 150, 171, 173, 196, 197, 210, 273, 335 Nova Zembla 291 Novi Orbis Descriptio 18 Nowyockshuockshook 328 nursery of seamen 91-92, 93-95, 113-14, 182, 214

O-R

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Oakham 474 oats 87, 88, 359 ocean currents 289-91, 293 ocean winds 291 O'Donell, James, Dr. 479 observance of saints 473 Oekchowet 328 Ogbucktoke 328 Ohio River 146 oil 74, 75, 79, 128, 202, 211, 225, 365, 394 calm waters 426 fat-oil (seals and whales) 396, 413-14, 424-26, 446 float the ship 426 train oil (cod-liver) 185, 446-47 Old Fort (Bay) 327 Old Pelican 296 oranges 363 Orcades 402 Orkneys 290, 291, 303, 403 Oroonoko 411 Ortelio, Abraham 15, 17-18, 370 Osborne, Henry, Captain (Governor) 140-41, 174 Otter (Ship) 193 otters 375 Ouapitougan 326 Outer Island 327 Outer Gooseberry Islands 318 Outer or False Bank 283-84, 286, 288 Owen, Francis 288 Owlitchievie 328 Oxfordshire 280 oysters 400 Packenham, Edward, Captain 215 Packet-Harbour 317 Packhurst, Anthony, Captain 36 Paine's Age of Reason 228 Paine's Rights of Man 228 Palliser, Hugh, Sir (Governor 1764) 68, 187-88, 211, 212, 222, 223 cause of death 189-90 Palliser's Act 199-200, 203 Paradise-Sound 311 Paris 208 parsnips 360 partridges 28, 376, 391 patent letters see letters patent pearl diving 426-27 Pearl Island 315 peas 360 Peckham, George, Sir 60 Penguin Island see Fogo Island penguins 393-94 Pennsylvania 451 Pentland-Firth 303 Peru 280, 335 pestilence 20 Petit Maitre 128 Le Petit Nord 112 Petit-Port 314 petition 137, 192 Petty Harbour 123-24, 305, 368 Philadelphia 197 Philippines (or Manillas) 165 phosphorus 409 Phoenicians 1, 3, 278 Pickardy 44 Pickmore, Francis, Vice-Admiral (Governor) 268, 272, 274-75 Pigeon Island 313 pine-apples 364 pine trees 328, 366 Pinkerton, Mr. 7-8, 14-15, 20-21, 57 Pinzon, Vicente Yancey 23 pirates 24 Piscataqua 101 Pistolet-Bay 316 pitcher-plants 362 Pitt, Mr. Secretary 154, 156-57, 159 Placentia 93, 96-97, 101-102, 112, 121-23, 129, 130, 133, 160, 161, 166, 173, 310, 311, 478 Placentia Bay 77, 86, 112, 309, 310, 311, 312 place names 326 plaice 400 plants effect on climate 342-43 see also under individual names planters 139, 265, 298 Plato 278 Pliny 411 plovers 391 Pluto (Ship) 234, 352, 353 poem 221, 305 La Poile Bay 313 Point Blanche 313 Point Enragee 313-14 Point-Ferolle 16 Point of Grates 296, 298, 299 Point Riche 7, 134, 137, 315, 316 Point Vesti 97 Pontchartrain (French minister of marine) 133 Ponti, Admiral 103 Poole 227 poor 241, 264-68 population 267 census (1763) 184-85 European origin 461 pork 167 Porpoise-Bank 286, 322 porpoises 76, 394, 397, 413 Port-a-Port 315 Port Basques 118 Port-de-Grave 300 Port Royal (N.S.) 132 Port Saunders 316 Portland (Ship) 132-33 Portsmouth 187 Portugal 36, 38, 116, 132, 155, 363 Portugal Cove 227, 362, 301 Portuguese 1, 37, 62, 67, 74, 75, 323 Post Office 248-49 potatoes 359-60, 464 poultry 468 Powell, Captain 87, 88 Powell, Mr. 4 Pownall, Governor 288, 290, 291 proclamations see under laws Presbyterians 480 Presenea 118 Prima see Cape Bonavista Prince Edward's Island 251 Prince Henry's Fore-land 19 Principes de Cosmographie 18 printing-office 248 Prior 137 prison 174, 242 privateers, American 204-205, 208 Prussia 226 Publicans 177, 178 Puddle-Wharf 372 Pudner, Humphrey, Captain 132-33 Punta de Farilham 117 Purchas, Mr. 31 puritans 86, 475-76 Purvis, George, Captain 132-33 pyrite aureus see gold marcasite Quebec 81, 99, 102, 133, 172, 197, 249, 250, 251, 282 see also Nova Francia Quidy-Vidy 93, 162, 302, 307, 366 Quirpon 46, 316 rabbits 374-75 radishes 360 Ragged-Harbour 318-19 Ragged Islands 311 Rainbow (Ship) 151 Raleigh, Walter, Sir 57, 60, 61, 74 Raleigh (Ship) 60 Ramea (Rameos) 75, 76, 77, 119, 313, 394, 413 Random-River 296 raspberries 361 Rastal, Mr. 48 rats 375 ravens 391 Raynal, L'Abbe 36, 42, 112, 138, 201, 286, 414, 427 razor-bill 391 Real, Gaspar de Corte 38-39 Red-Bay 327 Red Cliffs 327 Red (Ship) 252 Reeves, Chief-Justice 140, 215, 217, 219, 223 refiners 61 religion 64, 134, 175, 228-30, 438, 473 christenings 470-71 churches 269, 228, 242 funerals 471-73 Indian 457 Jesuits 136, 479 marriage 470-71 Methodists 269, 480 Moravians 373 Presbyterians 480 Puritans 86, 475-76 Roman Catholic 135-36, 157, 171, 183, 185, 240, 473, 474-75, 478, 479-80 schools (court case) 228-30 SPGF 108-11, 236, 241, 242, 478-79 Sunday-school 241 Remarks on the British Newfoundland Fishery 142-43, 145, 179 Renowes (Rennosa; Reneau's) 76, 117, 308 Reynolds, Robert Carthew, Captain 215 Rhyswick peace 103 Richards, Commander-in-chief 135 Richery, Admiral 226, 227, 258, 307 Rickson, Mr. 88 Ridley, Mr. 48 riots 191, 238 River Saint John 249-50, 323 Rivers, Colonel 122 Robertson, Dr. 4, 6, 20, 293, 448-49 Robuste (Ship) 165 Rocheford squadron 101 Rochefort 148 Rochester (Ship) 132-33 Rockland 9 Rodney, George Brydges (Governor; Lord) 151-52 Roehampton 385 Rogneuse 76, 117, 308 Roman Catholics 185, 240, 479-80 Rome 13 Roque, Francois de la (Seigneur de Roberval) 44-47 Rose Blanche 313 roses 363 Rough Fishing ground 285 Rous, Captain 150 Routh, Chief Justice 229 Rowley, Joshua, Admiral Sir 158 Royal Americans 164 Royal Artillery 480 The Royal Gazette and Newfoundland Advertiser 248 Russia 348 Rutland 474 Rymer 92

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Sable Island 80, 119, 286, 289, 287, 291 saddle-back (birds) 391 Saguenay 45 Sailing Bay 309 St. John De Craevecoeur, J. Hector 396 Saint Alban's (Ship) 105 Saint Anthony's Harbour 316 Saint Augustine's Square 327 Saint Christopher 154, 280 Saint Domingo 148, 227 Saint George 118 Saint George's Bay 314 Saint Geroge's Channel 406 Saint George's day 473 Saint George's Harbour 314, 315 Saint Ives 53 St. John de Craevecoeur, J. Hector 396 Saint John's 46, 85, 93, 128, 152, 153, 167, 174, 175, 181, 194, 244, 248, 251, 257, 260, 261, 275-76, 301, 352, 368, 412, 443 attack by French 101-102, 129-30, 158, 161-66, 169-70, 227, 306-307 building regulations 254-56, 264 claim by English 62-64, 298 custom-house 191 description 255-56, 302-305 disease 258-59 fire 261-64, 267-68, 269-74 fog-guns 346-47 justice, administration of 142, 152-53, 214-15, 218, 237, 303 post-office 249 prison 174 religion (clergy) 111, 241, 243, 480 ship rooms 254-56 schools 228-30 Saint John River 172 Saint John's Bay 316, 327 Saint John's Island 28, 173, 316 Saint Juan de Luz 79 Saint Julian 127 Saint Julian's Harbour 317 Saint Lawrence 38, 39, 43, 44, 45, 46, 80, 98, 119, 120, 146, 169, 171-72, 185, 261, 281, 293, 314, 322, 327 Saint Louis (Fort) see Fort Frederick Saint Maloes 42, 43, 76, 78, 101, 125, 126, 153, 394 Saint Mary's 120, 159 Saint Mary's Bay 309 Saint Mary's Island 326 Saint Mary's Haven 118 Saint Matthew Island 278 Saint Ovide, Lieutenant 129-30 Saint Patrick's day 422, 473 Saint Paul's Bay 282 Saint Peter and Miquelons (Saint Piedro) 77, 118, 120, 243, 261, 319, 321, 361, 363-64 armaments 187-88 bay of Saint Peter's 76 ceded to French 172 population (1777) 208 Saint Peter's Bank 286 salmo arcticus see capelin salmon 9, 10, 65, 399, 400, 401, 185, 202, 225, 399, 400, 310, 309, 325 regulations 202-203, 402 smoked 476 Salmon River 309, 312 salt 115, 121, 199-200, 426, 428, 430-35, curing fish 441, 443, 444, 445 salt pork 412, 464 salt-work 88 saluting the bride 470 sand-eel see lances and under bait Sandy Island 327 saracenia 362 Saxons 476 Saxony 66 sayings 363 scarlet fever 465 Schultes, Mr. 404-406 Schuyler, Lieutenant 164 Scot, Mr. 181 Scotland 35, 47, 187, 281, 291, 303, 383, 402, 405, 406, 467 Scurvy Island 296 Scythians 1 sea-birds 296-97, 429 sea-cows see vaccae marinae seals 76, 325, 384, 394, 399, 415-18 (common, great, rough, hooded, harp, fatuc vindac) sealing 75, 275, 296, 351-53, 399, 413-28 seal-skins 225 seaweeds 358, 366 seed-cake 471 Severn (Ship) 132-33 Shecatica-Bay 326, 327 sheep 167, 379, 380-81, 384-85 sewer 255 ship building 364-65 ships see under individual names ships, loss of 40, 41, 47, 59, 68-69, 72, 77, 78, 102, 128, 120, 126, 128, 246-48, 300, 322, 330 Shetland 291, 402, 403, 405 Sheelagh (Saint Patrick's wife) 473 ships armament 77, 114, 125, 126, 128, 131, 143, 149, 150, 154-55, 158, 165, 188, 226 ships, sealing 421-22 shipwrights 61 Shoal-Bay 368 Shovel, Cloudesly, Sir 105 Shuldham, Lord 193 Siberia 343 Siberia sea 291 Sibiburo 78 side-saddle flower 362 Signal Hill 162, 163, 303, 304, 305 silver 66 Sir Francis Drake (Ship) 274 Skroellingers see Esquimaux Sloane, Mr. 392 small-pox 258-59, 469 smiths 61 snake-root 361 snipes 391 Snorro 13 snow 117, 335, 343-43, 347, 355-56, 375 death in 347-48 soal (fish) 400 Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts 108-111, 236, 241, 478-79 see also religion soil 66, 87-88, 116, 294, 301, 325 Solander, Dr. 348 Solebay battle 104 Solon 278 Somersetshire 86 sorrel 360 South America 265, 411, South Carolina 336 Southampton 84 Southampton, Earl 83 Spain 36, 116, 132, 155-57, 170-71, 182, 183, 184, 226, 363 conflict with England see under England Spain men of war 59 Spaniards 1, 74, 79 spatum rutilum versicolor 373 Speed, Mr. 28 Spitzbergen 291, 396 Spratt, Lieutenant 250, 251, 252 spring 354 spruce-beer 365, 466 spruce tree 365, 466 squid 407, 408, 429 Squirrel (Ship) 61, 62, 66, 69, 72, St. see Saint stages see under fisheries stags 28 Stamp Act 192, 196 Steel, Mr. 141 Storma 353-54 Stowe, Mr. 28 Straits of Bell-Isle 19, 41, 149, 284, 293, 316, 327 Straits of Gibraltar 278, 290 Straits of Saint Peter 75, 394, 413 Strang, Richard 75, 413 strawberries 361 Stretton, Mr. 368 Sturgeon 410 Sturlonides, Snorro 6 Subercase, Commander 123 sugar 121 Sugar-loaf 227 Sully, Mr. 42, 79 summer 258, 336, 346, 354 Sunday-school 241 Sunderland (Ship) 143 sun-flower 363 supplies, cost of 167 Surprise (Ship) 154 survival at sea 246-48 Swallow (Ship) 60, 62, 66, 73 swamps 362, 365-66 swine 374 Switzerland 343 Sydney 467 Syren (Ship) 159, 160 Syssel 13

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Tanfield, Laurence, Sir 83 Tangeaux (Island) 119 taverns 177-79 Tavignon (Ship) 153 tax 63, 64, 93, 192-94 (duties 93), 145 (customs ), 196, 200 Taylor, Captain 226, 227 Taylor, Dr. 470 tea 464, 465, 320 (St. Pierre), 196, 471 teal (bird) 391 teeth (resembling ivory) 75 temperature 336, 337-38 Temple Island 328 Terra Agricolae see Labrador Terra Cortereals 38 Terra de Labrador see Labrador Terra del Fuego 394 Terra Verde 38 Thomas, Captain 247 Thompson, Captain 182 Thorfin (Icelander) 12-13 Thorfoeus, Thormod 8 thornback (fish) 400 Thorne, Robert 30, 40-41, 329-30 Thorne-Bay see Torbay Thornton, Dr. 362 Thorstein 12 Thorwald 11-12 Tickle-Harbour 296 tinker 391 Torbay 85, 141, 162, 301-302 Torrington, George, Lord Viscount 143 Tourville, Mr. 105 train-oil see under oil traps 377-78 Travels of Captains Lewis and Clarke ... 451-52 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) 146 Treaty of Amiens (1802) 242-43, 244 Treaty of amity and commerce (U.S. and France) 208 Treaty of Paris (1763) 171, 182-84, 186-87, 195, 314 Treaty of Paris (1814) 261, 314 Treaty of Utrecht (1713) 7, 11, 133-34, 135-36, 210-11, 139, 171 Treaty of Versailles (1783) 314 Trepassey 120 Trepassey-Bay 118, 308, 309 trees 336, 363-64, 365, 366 see also forests and individual names Trinity 128, 158, 258, 369 Trinity (Ship) 48 Trinity Bay 86, 130-31, 252, 295-96, 311, 319, 370, 443, 478, 480 Trinity Harbour 369, 296 Trounsell, Joseph 223, 237 trout 65, 302-303, 400 Tuck, Mr. 48 turbot 65 turkey 389, 476 turnips 360 Tweed Island 315 Twilingate 317 Tyrker, Mr. 10 Underdown, John, Captain 124, 128 Upper Canada 250 United States 197-199, 211, 251, 257-58, 260 see also American revolution United States. General Congress 197 Universal History 84, 103 vaccae marinae 75-76, 185, 394-96 Vache et le Taureau 326 Van Herwick, Abraham 77-78 Vaughan, Dr. 86 Venetians 24-25 veal 476 venison 378 Verazani, Mr. 40 Versailles 207 Vert Bank 119 Vespucius, Americus 24 Viettus 18 Ville de Paris 151 Vincent, Rev. Dr. 230 vines 44 Virginia 74, 90, 148, 403 Virgins 285 violets 363 volcanoes 279-82, 293-94 voyage to North America length, way 291-92 Wade, Armigal 48 Wadham (Island) 286 Waldegrave, William, Vice-Admiral (Governor; Lord Radstock) 227-28, 230 Wallace, James, Sir 226, 227 Wales 1, 406, 480 walrus see vaccae marinae Wapuwagan 326 War of 1812? 260-61 Warwick, Robert, Earl 108-109 Washeltoraw 326 Washington, George, Major 147-48 Waskemashin (Washemisker Island) 326 Wataguaki 326 Waterford 479 weasel 325 Webb, James, Captain (Governor 1760) 153, 154 Webber, Mr. 398-99 Weekes, Mr. 48 Weld, John, Esq. 83 West Bay 315 West Florida 172 West Greenland 330 West Indies 179, 265, 354, 363, 364, 402, 407 see also East and West Indies West Indian Islands, 244, 260, 291, 392 West Island 291 Weymouth (Ship) 154 whabby (bird) 391 Whale-Bank 286, 309, 322 whales 65, 76, 77, 185, 200, 355, 394, 396-97, 401 hunting 397-99 (hump-backs, spermaceti, fin-back, grampus, killer or thrasher, black-fish) wheat 87, 88 Whetstone, Rear Admiral 122 Whitburn, Captain 84, 86 Whitburne, Mr. 116 White Bear-Bay 313 White Bay 317 White Rose Island 313 Whitehaven 371 Whitburne, Mr. 116 Whitstable 371 Wilkes, John 187 William, King of England 92, 95, 97, 109, 139, 174, 193 William (Ship) 160, 161 Williams, Commodore 96-97 Willoughby, Percival, Sir 83 winds 291, 339-41, 344, 347, 349, 353, 355-56, 357 effect on ice 420 hurricanes 299-300, 420-21 wine 464, 471 Winland see Newfoundland, discovery of winter 221, 262, 266-67, 274, 336, 344-46, 347, 353-54, 355-56, 365, 375, 412 Winter, William Captain 60, 66 wisha capucoa 361-62 Wolf-Bay 313 women 46, 244, 245-46, 468, 480 women (girls) in fisheries 429, 438, 468, wood 65, 294, 322, 467, 468 French right to cut 243 washed ashore 291 Wood Island 327 woodcocks 391 Woody-land 9 wool 468 woollen trade 31 Wreck Cove 327 Wright, Mr. 48 Wynne, Dr. 43, 96, 341, 342 Wynne, Edward, Captain 86, 87, 88 Xaintonge, Jean Alphonse de 46 Yorkshire 402 Yule 475-76 Zeno, Antonio 15-17 Zeno, Nicola 15-17 Zoophyta 366-67 back to top