Southcott's* Crowberry Family
Stamens and pistils in different plants. Perianth arranged in two rows, the inner resembling petals. Stamens equal in number to the inner scales. Heath-like evergreen shrubs.
Empetrum Nigrum.---Blackberry. On hills round St. Johnís. Small prostrate spreading shrub. Leaves with margins recurved to meet at the back. Flowers small, purplish, growing in the exils of the upper leaves. Berries edible, black.
*Mary Southcott. Some Newfoundland Wild Flowers.
St. John's, Newfoundland : Robinson and Company , 1915, p. 28