Foliage.---Bundles of needle-shaped evergreen leaves, trees or shrubs. Flowers in catkins.
Pinus.---Pine. Leaves needle-shaped, in bundles of 2 to 5. Fruit a cone, formed of the woody scales which are thickened at the apex.
Abies Nigra.---Black Spruce. Leaves short, either dark green or glaucous whitish. Cones ovate-oblong, recurved. Persistent. Scales often have an eroded adge [sic]. Cones hang at or near the end of a branch.
Abies Alba.---White Spruce. Cones nodding, cylindrical, not persistent. The thinner scales often have an entire edge.
Abies Balsamea.---Balsam fir. Cones erect, on the upper sides of spreading branches. Bark of trees with balsam bearing vesicles. Midrib of leaves showing on the whitened lower face. Leaves more or less spreading in two directions.
Larix Americana.---Larch. Catkins appear early in spring. Branches spread out horizontally. Tops of trees always point towards the west.
Juniperis Communis.---Juniper. Evergreen shrub with rigid leaves in threes with slender prickly point. Upper face of leaves glaucous white. Spreading on the ground. Common on dry hills. Berries black with white bloom.