Southcott's* Ivy Family Waghorne
Shrubs or trees with much the same characters as Umbelliferae.
Aralia Nudicaulis.—Sarsaparilla. Stems scarcely rising out of the ground, smooth, bearing one long-stalked leaf and a shorter naked flower stalk with 2 to 7 umbels; 5 leaflets on each of the three divisions of the leaf. The horizontal roots which are several feet long are steeped and used as a tonic.
*Mary Southcott. Some Newfoundland Wild Flowers.
St. John's, Newfoundland : Robinson and Company , 1915, p. 15