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Waghorne's Huckleberry Family

LV.---Vacciniaceae. Huckleberry Family.

395. Chiogenes hispidula, T. & G. Creeping Snowberry. (Maidenhair, Capillaire) seems to be common and widespread in most woody parts of the country and on the Labrador (A.C.W.), so Drummond in Cat. II., 351. “Damp mossy woods, creeping over logs.” Flora Miq., very common. May---July.

396. Gaylussacia dumosa, T. & G. Dwarf or Pale Huckleberry (Gray, Cat. II., 289); Whitbourne (R. & S.); Little Bay, Fortune Bay. Edge of woods. August.

397. G. resinosa, T. & G. Black Huckleberry. (Black Hurts). (Reeks); (Cat. II., 289; rocky or sandy woodland, or swamps); by myself at New Harbour (Trinity Bay), Long Harbour (Fortune Bay), and at Little Harbour near Bay of Islands (Macoun and Fowler). Wet places. July.

398. Oxycoccus vulgaris, Pursh. Common or Small Cranberry. (Marshberry). (Reeks). Very common in bogs, it would appear, throughout Newfoundland and Labrador (A.C.W.). Lab: Hopedale (Weiz), and Caribou Island (Butler---Packard). June---August.

399. O. macrocarpus, Pursh. Large American Cranberry, (Cranberry, Bearberry and Bankberry). Bogs, and especially on the margins of ponds and small lakelets in the soft mud. Newfoundland, Anticosti, Nova Scotia, etc., to Thunder Bay Macoun, Cat. II., 293); West of Random (Cormack), and New Harbour (A.C.W.) in the same neighbourhood; Cod Roy River (bell), and Bay of Islands. Much less frequent than the last; said to be common about Lamaline and Lawn in Burin district, there called Bankberry. Lab: by lakelets along the coast (Abbé (Brunot: Packard). Flora Miq., says of this and the last “barrens, hills, dry or dap places, almost everywhere, very common.” June---August.

400. *Vaccinium Pennsylvanicum, Lam. Common Low or Early Fruiting Blueberry or Whortleberry. (Low Bush Hurts). Very abundant on burnt tracts (R. & S.); seems to be about our most common whortleberry. I have it from White Bay, Notre Dame Bay, Bay S. George, Trinity Bay and Bay of Islands. Flora Miq., very common; open woods and barrens. June to August. Var. angustifolium, Gray. Ground Hurt. On the Labrador, Tobacco Hurt. Rocky hills, Placentia, infrequent; Salmonier (R. & S.); Trinity Bay and Bay of Islands (A.C.W.). Lab: (Gray, Cat. II., 290); hillsides and Caribou Island (Butler); Nain (Lundbery---Packard); Snack Cove, Sandwich Bay (A.C.W.) Flora Miq.: very common. June---August.

401. V. caespitosum, Mx. Dwarf or Tufty Bilberry or Blueberry. (Sugar Hurt---Labrador), (Reeks); Lab: Hopedale (Weiz), and Belles Amours, and on Caribou Islands (Butler---Packard); (at Snack Cove, near Sandwich Bay, and Cape Charles (A.C.W.). Hillsides. July.

402. V. Canadense, Kalm. Canadian Blueberry. (Reeks); Bay S. George, White Bay and Bonne Bay (Bullman); Harbour Breton, Fortune Bay (A.C.W.). July.

403. V. corymbosum, L. Swamp Blueberry. (Reeks); swamps and low woods from Newfoundland to Western Ontario (Gray: Cat. II, 290); S. Paul’s Bay, N.W. coast (Bullman). Wet places. July.

404. V. Vitis-Idaea, L. Cowberry, Red Whortleberry (Partridge Berry, !Redberry). Very abundant from the Atlantic to the Pacific, except southern Ontario and the prairie regions (Hook, Cat. II., 292). Appears to be abundant and widely distributed throughout Newfoundland and the Labrador. Flora Miq., abounds in the peaty plains and also in the dry parts of the island. June---July.

405. V. uliginosum, L. Mountain or Bog Blueberry (Ground Hurt), (Cat. II., 291). In mountain bogs and exposed shores below. From Newfoundland, Labrador, etc., thence westward to the Pacific, and northward to the Arctic Sea. Flat Bay (Bell); several places in Trinity Bay and Bay of Islands (A.C.W.); S. John’s and Holyrood (R. & S.). Lab: at Blanc Sablon (Strait), Deep Water Creek, Seal Islands, and Hamilton Inlet (A.C.W.). Common on the coast at Nain, Ford’s Harbour and Nachvak (Bell---Packard). Flora Miq., very common. June---July.

406. V. ovalifolium, Smith. (Blueberry Hurt, Mazzard). Frenchman’s Cove, B. of I., in woods (A.C.W.---Robinson). Lab: *West S. Modest, in the Strait of Belle Isle. June.

The Vaccinium family (excepting V. Vitis Idaea, L.) is generally called by our people on the east coast, “hurts;” on the west coast, “blue berries.” !A dear old friend of mine, writing from the neighbourhood of Sandwich Bay, Labrador, told me, a few years ago, that she and the three girls had that fall gathered and sold 40 gallons of “bakeapples” (Rubrus Chamamorus), and 28 gallons of “redberries.”


*Arthur C. Waghorne. The Flora of Newfoundland, Labrador and St. Pierre et Miquelon.
Proceedings and transactions of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science, 1898, p. 382-384